How can one chip be so fast?
Will the Cell concept work?
How will the Cell processor change the world?
Supercomputer History
Transputer
Other High Speed Chips and Efforts
IBM and PC History
IBM and World Economy
Cell Applications
Latest News
Information Disclosed at ISSCC
Power PC, Cell processor, Open source and You


Last modified Aug 29, 2005
Supercomputer History
Current Operation Speed
Pentium 4 processors currently operate in the range of 2 - 3 GHz or GFLOPS. One TFLOP is equivantent to approximaely 400 fast PCs.


First Computer to perform at 1 TFLOP
This reference states that in November of 1998 the first computer to perform at 1 sustained TFLOP in operation was achieved. The cost of this system was around $80 million.

http://www.cray.com/company/history.html


Top 500 super computers as of November 2004
The top 40 supercomputers are all in the hands of Government and university labs with the exception of IBM with the #8 spot.

Place Operation Speed
1 91 TFLOPS
250 2 TFLOPS
500 1 TFLOP

http://www.top500.org/lists/plists.php?Y=2004&M=11


History of Supercomputers With Photos
http://www.thocp.net/hardware/supercomputers.htm


History of Teraflop Computers
This reference states that the first teraflop computer was built in 1997 at a cost of $100 million. In 2003 a teraflop computer was on display at a trade show and was selling then for under $1 million. Our xpac-zero card bring the price of 1 TFLOP operation speed under $1000.

http://www.via.com.tw/en/vtf2004/presentations/hd_mellanox.pdf


Market for PCs
One billion total personal computer sales was reached in 2003, after 25 years. At $1000 each, that would average $40 billion per year. The sales rate is growing, two billion sales will be reached in 2008. Projecting the next one billion PC sales over the next 5 years would come to $200 billion per year.

The market for computing power is only just beginning. All 6 billion people on earth could buy at least one new PC every 3 years. This means the market could still increase by at least a factor of 10 over the 2005 rate.